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Rethinking Cities Infrastructures: New Utilizations Of Subterrean Spaces

November 2, 2017 Destination Europe No Comments Email Email

How to reconcile the needs of an always growing urban population and the lack of available space?  Building the city of the future requires to think differently transportation, facilities and accessibility.

Profiling particularly outstanding achievements in underground infrastructure across the world, the ITA Tunnelling Awards support a wide and diverse range of tunnelling projects through 9 categories, from huge-scale and large-budget infrastructure projects to more specific ground-breaking technical innovations, and through one particular category “Innovative Underground Space Concept”. 

The 3 finalists of this category have focused on forward-thinking projects and propose new concepts to support the idea of a new resilient and sustainable organization of the city. What are the functions most likely to be transferred to underground spaces? What are the most innovative projects? 

  • TURKEY TO CREATE AN UNDERGROUND INTERMODAL HUB IN BOSTANCI NEIGHBORHOOD, ISTANBUL :

Bostanci intermodal hub includes the southern terminal of the Bostanci-Dudullu line (14km, 13 stations) and consists into a 12.000sqm underground station, integrating a 4 stories underground parking, an at-grade large public space with a garden, and pedestrian connection with bus, taxi, ferryboat and the future Marmarai line.

Bostanci project carries a double duty: the ethic value of a public transit project designed to build a sustainable and resilient city, and the aesthetic value of realizing a more comfortable environment, underground and at-grade, inspired to the highest contemporary standards of architectural and urban quality.

·         JERUSALEM UNDERGROUND CEMETERY IN TUNNELS (ISRAEL)  Building underground cemeteries addresses a mounting global environmental and real estate crisis, while also meeting emotional and religious needs. Burial tunnels below existing cemeteries will maximize vertical land use and, elsewhere, spare the aboveground landscape. The project includes 22,000 tombs. The proximity of underground cemeteries to mushrooming cities will enable people to continue to visit their departed loved ones, and in any weather. Subterranean cemeteries are an important tool in reshaping urban areas to meet the challenges of the future without destroying heritage or worsening surface environment.  ·

  • CAVERNS MASTER PLAN OF HONG-KONG

At last but not least, the third project which has been selected for the ITA Tunnelling Awards is the “Caverns master plan of Hong Kong”.

China is currently facing urban housing issues as the cities are overcrowded and lack of available space is now obvious.

The project was born by noting that rock caverns may serve as a sustainable source of long-term land supply in Hong Kong and may represent a new solution to relocate some functions and release some precious space.

To unleash the potential of this hidden land resource, Hong Kong has formulated its first Cavern Master Plan (CMP) to guide and facilitate territory-wide application of rock caverns for supporting continuous social and economic development of the city.  The potential uses of these cavers vary between food/wine storage, archives and data storage, research laboratories, vehicle parking…

With the launch of the CMP, numerous cavern projects covering a wide range of uses are being implemented in various the 48 Strategic Cavern Areas delineated in the plan.

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