Australian State and Territory Government have responsibility for CBRNE Supply Chain resources used by extremists/terrorists – and there is an urgent need for a centralised coordinating body to be established.
CBRNE: Chemical-Biological-Radiological-Nuclear-Explosive (incl. guns and ammunition).
1) Remove the Terrorists’ capability: We recentlymade recommendations to the Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop MP, on the subject of CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive) and the responsibility of COAG members to control and/or remove the resources used by terrorists and extremists.
2) Weapons are used to seize hostages, commit murder and undertake shootings and bombings. Threat consists of intent and capability! Remove capability and the risk of an incident is reduced. History shows extremists and Al Qaida operate sleeper cells which usually consist of six to eight, run independently from any other cell, enabling each to stockpile resources including explosives, weapons and chemicals ready for an attack.
3) Personnel vetting, physical security, administrative aspects and transport control measures developed some years ago, are in place to control the supply chain, including the sale and distribution of precursor chemicals, guns and ammunition. A gun is an inert object unless it has ammunition! Controlling the supply chain will assist in reducing the number of people obtaining resources needed to conduct a terrorist incident, such as hostage taking, or destruction of critical infrastructure including airports, Houses of Parliament, Government offices and other public places such as sporting stadiums and shopping centres.
4) In 2007 the Commonwealth Organisation of Australian Governments (COAG)members addressed CBRNE, guns and munitions control handling, vetting procedures, management and controls and conducted a review of chemical precursors used in bomb making. It is also noted this area has had input from ARPANSA, the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, Customs and other agencies.
5) The States and Territories have a major responsibility for the “CRBNE Supply Chain” of resources which can be used by terrorists. Other areas addressing access to explosives can be found in Australian Standards AS2187 and ARPANSA Code of Practice RPS2 plus Safe Work Australia Code of Practice Managing Risk of Hazardous Chemicals.
Recommendations 6) As States and Territories have a major role in enhancing the safety and security of the public, especially in this time of increased extremist threat, with attacks already occurred in Australia, we recommend:
a) Premiers/Chief Ministers, through COAG and appropriate Commonwealth Agencies urgently review safety, security and administrative measures in place to control and manage the “CBRNE Supply Chain,” availability of weapons, precursors, ammunitions and resources used by terrorists and extremists or others.
b) Establish a central national coordinating body to monitor and record full identifying details of people making purchases, including their vehicle registration number, what is purchased and photocopy of photo ID, relevant detailed invoices; keeping in mind identity theft is now widely used.
c) Ensure full comprehensive pre-employment personnel vetting is undertaken of those who work or are engaged in the control and distribution of materials.
d) Ensure CBRNE Supply Chain data bases are fully integrated, centralised and able to be interrogated 24×7 by a centralised agency, State and Federal Police, including Intelligence Agencies and ARPANSA.
e) Introduce measures and systems that report in real time purchases made, any suspicious activity concerning such purchases of quantities of guns, ammunition, explosives, chemicals and or concerns by the employee or distributor of weapons and munitionsreported, and
f) Reviews be undertaken to ensure best physical security measures including CCTV installations systems are in place to monitor and record the movement, handling, shipping, distribution and commercial retail outlets and management of such dangerous materials, weaponsand precursors.
7) It is considered such recommendations and prompt action in this time of heightened threat will make Australians safer and more secure and reduce the capabilities of Terrorists and extremist to carry out death and destruction to further their cause. A gun without bullets is not a lethal weapon!