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Gogo Announces Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2018 Financial Results

February 25, 2019 Financial No Comments Email Email

Gogo (NASDAQ: GOGO), the leading global provider of broadband connectivity products and services for aviation, today announced its financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2018.

Fourth Quarter 2018 Consolidated Financial Results

  • Consolidated revenue increased to $217.2 million.
    • Service revenue of $160 million declined 2% from Q4 2017, primarily related to the de-installations of American Airlines ATG aircraft, totaling 375 at the end of 2018, and the change in business terms associated with their transition to an airline-directed business model.  Hereinafter, we refer to these items as the “de-installations.”
    • Equipment revenue increased to $57.2 million, up from $24 million in Q4 2017, primarily due to the post-adoption impact of ASC 606.
  • Net loss of $59.7 million includes a $19.7 million loss on the extinguishment of debt.
  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) decreased to $19.4 million, down 22% from Q4 2017, primarily related to the de-installations.  
  • Capital expenditures decreased to $7.3 million, down from $66.0 million in Q4 2017.
  • Cash CAPEX(1) decreased to $2.4 million from $43.1 million in Q4 2017, driven by an increase in installations under the airline-directed model.
  • Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were $223.5 million as of December 31, 2018, substantially higher than previous expectations.

 “Gogo’s focus on execution resulted in major operational improvements over the course of 2018, including excellent 2Ku performance and aggressive cost controls within our CA business,” said Oakleigh Thorne, Gogo’s President and CEO.  “As we build on this momentum and put the negative effects of the de-installations behind us over the next several quarters, we expect to see a return to higher revenue and profit growth in 2020.”

“Strong execution led to fourth quarter financial performance coming in well ahead of our internal projections, particularly for Adjusted EBITDA and our year-end cash balance,” said Barry Rowan, Gogo’s Executive Vice President and CFO.  “We expect to improve Free Cash Flow by approximately $100 million in 2019 as we continue to grow Adjusted EBITDA and improve working capital.”

Fourth Quarter 2018 Business Segment Financial Results

Business Aviation (BA)          

  • Total revenue increased to $73.6 million, up 11% from Q4 2017.
  • Service revenue increased to $51.3 million, up 13% from Q4 2017, driven by a 12% increase in ATG units online and a 3% increase in average monthly service revenue per ATG unit online.
  • Equipment revenue increased to $22.3 million, up 8% from Q4 2017, driven by continuing strong demand for AVANCE L5 and L3 systems.
  • Segment profit increased to $35.6 million, up 33% compared to the prior year period, with segment profit margin of 48%, up from 41% in the prior year period.

Commercial Aviation – North America (CA-NA)

  • Take rates increased to 12.9% in Q4 2018 up from 9.9% in the prior year period.
  • Primarily as a result of the de-installations discussed above:
    • Total revenue decreased to $97.3 million from $105.1 million, down 7% from Q4 2017.
    • Service revenue decreased to $89.4 million, down 13% from Q4 2017.
    • Aircraft online decreased 10% to 2,551 on December 31, 2018 from 2,840 on December 31, 2017.
    • Net annualized ARPA decreased to $113,000, down 5% from $119,000 in Q4 2017.
  • Equipment revenue increased to $7.9 million, up from $1.9 million in Q4 2017, due to the post-adoption impact of ASC 606.
  • Segment profit decreased to $8.8 million from $23.5 million in Q4 2017, due to the effect of the de-installations and higher satcom expense.

Commercial Aviation – Rest of World (CA-ROW)

  • Aircraft online increased to 589, up from 391 on December 31, 2017.
  • Total revenue increased to $46.4 million, up from $16.9 million in Q4 2017.
  • Service revenue increased to $19.3 million, up 26% from Q4 2017, due to an increase in aircraft online.
  • Equipment revenue increased to $27.1 million, up from $1.6 million in the prior year period, due to the post-adoption impact of ASC 606.
  • Net annualized ARPA of $144,000 in Q4 2018 declined from $183,000 in the prior year period, due primarily to the significant growth in new aircraft fleets online, which typically initially generate lower net annualized ARPA.
  • Segment loss of $24.7 million declined slightly versus Q4 2017 as higher equipment losses were offset by an increase in 2Ku aircraft online.

Full-Year 2018 Consolidated Financial Results

  • Consolidated revenue increased to $893.8 million.
    • Service revenue increased to $630.1 million, up 2% from 2017, due to growth in our BA segment, that was partially offset by the decline in CA NA service revenue driven by the de-installations.
    • Equipment revenue increased to $263.6 million, up from $81.2 million in 2017, due to the post-adoption impact of ASC 606 and the 34% annual growth of BA equipment revenue.
  • Net loss decreased to $162 million, an improvement of 6% from 2017, primarily related to the continued strong performance of our BA segment.
  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) increased to $71.2 million, up 22% from $58.5 million in 2017, related primarily to strong results in our BA segment and, secondarily, related to decreased losses in the ROW segment.
  • Capital expenditures decreased to $131.7 million in 2018 from $280.2 million in 2017.
  • Cash CAPEX(1) decreased to $107.6 million from $220.5 million in 2017, driven by an increase in installations under the airline-directed model.

Recent Developments

  • On December 6, 2018, Gogo closed its offering of $238 million of 6% convertible senior notes due in May 2022.  This effectively extended the maturity of approximately $200 million of our outstanding convertible senior notes from March 2020 until May 2022.
  • Gogo surpassed 1,000 2Ku aircraft online and ended 2018 with nearly 1,300 commercial aircraft installed with satellite IFC systems and approximately 1,000 2Ku aircraft in backlog as of December 31, 2018.
  • As of February 20, 2019, Gogo had experienced no incidents of 2Ku system degradation on aircraft fitted with Gogo’s recent de-icing modifications.  Gogo estimates that aircraft with Gogo de-icing modifications have now flown 15,000 flights that had been de-iced, based on Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) data listing airports under de-icing conditions.
  • The Airbus A220 has now entered revenue service with Delta offering both 2Ku and Gogo Vision Touch.
  • Gogo completed its first satellite IFC installation on a Boeing 787-800 aircraft using a service bulletin.
  • As of February 6, 2019, BA had shipped more than 770 AVANCE systems (L3 and L5) with over 500 L5 systems installed and in operation.

Business Outlook
The Company provides its 2019 financial guidance as follows:

  • Total consolidated revenue of $800 million to $850 million
    • CA-NA revenue of $355 million to $380 million, with ~10% from equipment revenue
    • CA-ROW revenue of $135 million to $150 million, with ~30% from equipment revenue
    • BA revenue of $310 million to $320 million

Note that CA equipment revenue is affected by the number of installations completed under the airline-directed business model in the period.  2019 revenue guidance reflects the impact of one airline switching from the airline-directed business model to the turnkey business model, which will reduce equipment revenue.

  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) of $75 million to $95 million
  • $100 million improvement in Free Cash Flow(1) versus 2018
  • Increase of 400 to 475 in 2Ku aircraft online
(1) See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.
(2) Please refer to the definition of “backlog” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 21, 2019, under the heading “Contracts with Airline Partners” in Item 1.

Conference Call

The Company will host its fourth quarter conference call on February 21, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. ET. A live webcast of the conference call, as well as a replay, will be available online on the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at Participants can access the call by dialing (844) 464-3940 (within the United States and Canada) or (765) 507-2646 (international dialers) and entering conference ID number 9093514.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We report certain non-GAAP financial measurements, including Adjusted EBITDA, Cash CAPEX and Free Cash Flow in the supplemental tables below.  Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, Cash CAPEX and Free Cash Flow for business planning purposes, including managing our business against internally projected results of operations and measuring our performance and liquidity. These supplemental performance measures also provide another basis for comparing period to period results by excluding potential differences caused by non-operational and unusual or non-recurring items. These supplemental performance measurements may vary from and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies. Adjusted EBITDA, Cash CAPEX and Free Cash Flow are not recognized measurements under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP; when analyzing our performance with Adjusted EBITDA or liquidity with Cash CAPEX or Free Cash Flow, as applicable, investors should (i) evaluate each adjustment in our reconciliation to the corresponding GAAP measure, and the explanatory footnotes regarding those adjustments, (ii) use Adjusted EBITDA in addition to, and not as an alternative to, net loss attributable to common stock as a measure of operating results, (iii) use Cash CAPEX in addition to, and not as an alternative to, consolidated capital expenditures when evaluating our liquidity and (iv) use Free Cash Flow in addition to, and not as an alternative to, consolidated net cash provided by (used in) operating activities when evaluating our liquidity. No reconciliation of the forecasted range for Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow for fiscal 2019 is included in this release because we are unable to quantify certain amounts that would be required to be included in the corresponding GAAP measure without unreasonable efforts and we believe such reconciliation would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors. In particular, we are not able to provide a reconciliation for the forecasted range of Adjusted EBITDA due to variability in the timing of aircraft installations and deinstallations impacting depreciation expense and amortization of deferred airborne leasing proceeds.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain disclosures in this press release and related comments by our management include forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding our business outlook, industry, business strategy, plans, goals and expectations concerning our market position, international expansion, future technologies, future operations, margins, profitability, future efficiencies, capital expenditures, liquidity and capital resources and other financial and operating information. When used in this discussion, the words “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “budget,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “future” and the negative of these or similar terms and phrases are intended to identify forward-looking statements in this press release.

Forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations regarding future events, results or outcomes. These expectations may or may not be realized. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give you no assurance these expectations will prove to have been correct. Some of these expectations may be based upon assumptions, data or judgments that prove to be incorrect. Actual events, results and outcomes may differ materially from our expectations due to a variety of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors. Although it is not possible to identify all of these risks and factors, they include, among others, the following: the loss of or failure to realize the anticipated benefits from agreements with our airline partners or customers on a timely basis or any failure to renew any existing agreements upon expiration or termination; the failure to maintain airline and passenger satisfaction with our equipment or our service; any inability to timely and efficiently deploy our 2Ku service or develop and deploy the technology to which our ATG network evolves or other components of our technology roadmap for any reason, including technological issues and related remediation efforts, changes in regulations or regulatory delays or failures affecting us, or our suppliers, some of whom are single source, or the failure by our airline partners or customers to roll out equipment upgrades or new services or adopt new technologies in order to support increased network capacity demands; the timing of deinstallation of our equipment from aircraft, including deinstallations resulting from aircraft retirements and other deinstallations permitted by certain airline contract provisions; the loss of relationships with original equipment manufacturers or dealers; our ability to make our equipment factory line-fit available on a timely basis; our ability to develop or purchase ATG and satellite network capacity sufficient to accommodate current and expected growth in passenger demand in North America and internationally as we expand; our reliance on third-party suppliers, some of whom are single source, for satellite capacity and other services and the equipment we use to provide services to commercial airlines and their passengers and business aviation customers; unfavorable economic conditions in the airline industry and/or the economy as a whole; governmental action restricting trade with China or other foreign countries; our ability to expand our international or domestic operations, including our ability to grow our business with current and potential future airline partners and customers and the effect of shifts in business models; an inability to compete effectively with other current or future providers of in-flight connectivity services and other products and services that we offer, including on the basis of price, service performance and line-fit availability; our ability to successfully develop and monetize new products and services such as Gogo Vision and Gogo TV, including those that were recently released, are currently being offered on a limited or trial basis, or are in various stages of development; our ability to certify and install our equipment and deliver our products and services, including newly developed products and services, on schedules consistent with our contractual commitments to customers; the failure of our equipment or material defects or errors in our software resulting in recalls or substantial warranty claims; a revocation of, or reduction in, our right to use licensed spectrum, the availability of other air-to-ground spectrum to a competitor or the repurposing by a competitor of other spectrum for air-to-ground use; our use of open source software and licenses; the effects of service interruptions or delays, technology failures and equipment failures or malfunctions arising from defects or errors in our software or defects in or damage to our equipment, including quality and performance issues related to de-icing fluid or other moisture entering our antennas; the limited operating history of our CA-ROW segment; contract changes and implementation issues resulting from decisions by airlines to transition from the turnkey model to the airline-directed model or vice versa ; increases in our projected capital expenditures due to, among other things, unexpected costs incurred in connection with the roll-out of our technology roadmap or our international expansion; compliance with U.S. and foreign government regulations and standards, including those related to regulation of the Internet, including e-commerce or online video distribution changes, and the installation and operation of satellite equipment and our ability to obtain and maintain all necessary regulatory approvals to install and operate our equipment in the United States and foreign jurisdictions; our, or our technology suppliers’, inability to effectively innovate; obsolescence of, and our ability to access parts, products, equipment and support services compatible with, our existing technologies and products; changes as a result of U.S. federal tax reform; costs associated with defending existing or future intellectual property infringement, securities and derivative litigation and other litigation or claims and any negative outcome or effect of pending or future litigation; our ability to protect our intellectual property; breaches of the security of our information technology network, resulting in unauthorized access to our customers’ credit card information or other personal information; our substantial indebtedness, including our Convertible Senior Notes maturing March 1, 2020; limitations and restrictions in the agreements governing our indebtedness and our ability to service our indebtedness; our ability to obtain additional financing for operations, or financing intended to refinance our existing indebtedness on acceptable terms or at all; fluctuations in our operating results; our ability to attract and retain customers and to capitalize on revenue from our platform; the demand for and market acceptance of our products and services; changes or developments in the regulations that apply to us, our business and our industry, including changes or developments affecting the ability of passengers or airlines to use our in-flight connectivity services; a future act or threat of terrorism, cybersecurity attack or other events that could result in adverse regulatory changes or developments as referenced above, or otherwise adversely affect our business and industry; the effect of U.S. government security concerns on our ability to continue to use ZTE as a supplier; our ability to attract and retain qualified employees, including key personnel; the effectiveness of our marketing and advertising and our ability to maintain and enhance our brands; our ability to manage our growth in a cost-effective manner and integrate and manage acquisitions; compliance with anti-corruption laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the (U.K.) Bribery Act 2010; restrictions on the ability of U.S. companies to do business in foreign countries, including, among others, restrictions imposed by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control; difficulties in collecting accounts receivable; our ability to successfully implement our new enterprise resource planning system, our new Integrated Business Plan and other improvements to systems, operations, strategy and procedures needed to support our growth; and other events beyond our control that may result in unexpected adverse operating results.

Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found under the caption “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 21, 2019.

Any one of these factors or a combination of these factors could materially affect our financial condition or future results of operations and could influence whether any forward-looking statements contained in this report ultimately prove to be accurate. Our forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, and you should not place undue reliance on them. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made and we undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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