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Marriott International Reports First Quarter 2019 Results

May 13, 2019 Financial No Comments Email Email

Arne M. Sorenson, president and chief executive officer of Marriott International, said, “Marriott’s performance in the first quarter was solid.  Worldwide systemwide RevPAR for comparable hotels increased 1.1 percent, net rooms grew 5.3 percent, and gross fee revenue rose 6 percent.http://www.stevecafeandcuisine.com/  Despite modest RevPAR growth and higher labor costs, we increased North American house profit margins by 30 basis points and held worldwide house profit margins flat at our company-operated hotels through cost synergies, leading to strong incentive management fee performance in the quarter.  Worldwide systemwide RevPAR index increased 100 basis points with index gains in the U.S. at nearly the same level.

“We continue to build our company for the future.  In the first quarter, we opened our 7,000th property, the 27-story St. Regis Hong Kong.  Year-over-year gross room openings accelerated to nearly 19,000 rooms, a first quarter record.  Our development pipeline totaled approximately 475,000 rooms at quarter-end, nearly 3 percent higher than a year ago.  Marriott Bonvoy membership rose by 5 million to reach nearly 130 million members.

“Our results in the first quarter highlight the resiliency of our business model and the strength of our brands.  Year-to date through May 8, we have returned nearly $1.2 billion to our shareholders through share repurchases and dividends, and we continue to expect to return at least $3 billion for full year 2019.”

First Quarter 2019 Results
Marriott’s reported net income totaled $375 million in the 2019 first quarter, compared to 2018 first quarter reported net income of $420 million.  Reported diluted earnings per share (EPS) totaled $1.09 in the quarter, compared to reported diluted EPS of $1.16 in the year-ago quarter.

First quarter 2019 adjusted net income totaled $482 million, compared to 2018 first quarter adjusted net income of $487 million.  Adjusted diluted EPS in the first quarter totaled $1.41, a 5 percent increase from adjusted diluted EPS of $1.34 in the year-ago quarter.  See page A-2 for the calculation of adjusted results.  Adjusted results exclude merger-related costs and charges, cost reimbursement revenue, and reimbursed expenses.  Adjusted results for the 2018 first quarter also exclude adjustments to the provisional tax charge resulting from the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (Tax Act) and an increase to the gain on the sale of Avendra.  Adjusted results for the 2018 first quarter include $53 million pre-tax ($0.11 per share) of asset sale gains.

Base management and franchise fees totaled $732 million in the 2019 first quarter, a 6 percent increase over base management and franchise fees of $690 million in the year-ago quarter.  The year-over-year increase in these fees is primarily attributable to unit growth and higher credit card branding fees.

First quarter 2019 incentive management fees totaled $163 million, a 5 percent increase compared to incentive management fees of $155 million in the year-ago quarter.  The year-over-year increase largely reflects higher net house profit at most hotels, particularly North American full-service hotels.

Owned, leased, and other revenue, net of direct expenses, totaled $50 million in the 2019 first quarter, compared to $70 million in the year-ago quarter.  Compared to the year-ago quarter, results decreased largely due to $21 million of lower termination fees.

General, administrative, and other expenses for the 2019 first quarter totaled $222 million, compared to $247 million in the year-ago quarter.  The year-over-year decrease largely reflects the $35 million expense in the 2018 first quarter for the company’s supplemental investments in its workforce and unfavorable foreign exchange in the year-ago quarter, partially offset by an increase in administrative costs and bad debt reserves in the 2019 first quarter.

In the 2019 first quarter, the company incurred $44 million of expenses and recognized $46 million of insurance recoveries related to the data security incident it disclosed on November 30, 2018.  The expenses and insurance proceeds are reflected in either the Reimbursed expenses or Merger-related costs and charges lines of the Income Statement, which have been excluded from adjusted net income, adjusted EPS and adjusted EBITDA.

Gains and other income, net, totaled $5 million, compared to $59 million in the year-ago quarter.  Gains and other income, net, in the 2018 first quarter largely reflected the $53 million gain associated with the sale of the Buenos Aires Sheraton and Park Tower properties.

Interest expense, net, totaled $91 million in the first quarter compared to $70 million in the year-ago quarter.  The increase is largely due to higher debt balances and interest rates.

Equity in earnings for the first quarter totaled $8 million, compared to $13 million in the year-ago quarter.  The year-over-year decrease largely reflects the buyout of the AC joint venture.

The reported provision for income taxes totaled $57 million in the first quarter, a 13.2 percent reported effective tax rate, compared to $112 million in the year-ago quarter, a 21.1 percent reported effective tax rate.  The reported effective tax rate in the 2019 first quarter largely reflects $42 million of favorable discrete items, compared to $16 million of such items in the year-ago quarter.

For the first quarter, adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) totaled $821 million, a 7 percent increase over first quarter 2018 adjusted EBITDA of $770 million.  See page A-8 for the adjusted EBITDA calculations.

First Quarter 2019 Results Compared to February 28, 2019 Guidance
On February 28, 2019, the company estimated gross fee revenues for the first quarter would be $885 million to $905 million.  Actual gross fee revenues totaled $895 million in the quarter, largely reflecting greater than expected incentive fees, particularly in North America.

The company estimated general, administrative, and other expenses for the first quarter would total $215 million to $220 million.  Actual expenses of $222 million in the quarter were higher than expected, largely due to an increase in bad debt reserves.

The company estimated an adjusted effective tax rate of 21 percent for the 2019 first quarter.  The adjusted provision for income taxes totaled $95 million in the first quarter, a 16.5 percent effective rate.  The tax rate was lower than expected partially due to $15 million of better than expected windfall tax benefit and $12 million of additional favorable discrete items.

The company estimated adjusted EBITDA for the first quarter would total $820 million to $845 million.  Actual adjusted EBITDA totaled $821 million.

Selected Performance Information
The company added 114 new properties (18,842 rooms) to its worldwide lodging portfolio during the 2019 first quarter, including The Times Square EDITION, W Dubai – The Palm, and Hotel Banke, Autograph Collection in Paris.  Fifteen properties (2,693 rooms) exited the system during the quarter.  At quarter-end, Marriott’s lodging system encompassed 7,003 properties and timeshare resorts with nearly 1,333,000 rooms.

At quarter-end, the company’s worldwide development pipeline totaled 2,853 properties with approximately 475,000 rooms, including 1,166 properties with nearly 216,000 rooms under construction and 146 properties with roughly 25,000 rooms approved for development, but not yet subject to signed contracts.

In the 2019 first quarter, worldwide comparable systemwide constant dollar RevPAR increased 1.1 percent (a 0.3 percent decrease using actual dollars).  North American comparable systemwide constant dollar RevPAR increased 0.8 percent (a 0.6 percent increase using actual dollars), and international comparable systemwide constant dollar RevPAR increased 1.9 percent (a 2.5 percent decrease using actual dollars) for the same period.

Worldwide comparable company-operated house profit margins were flat in the first quarter, reflecting solid cost controls and synergies from the Starwood acquisition offset by the impact of modest RevPAR growth and higher wages.  House profit margins for comparable company-operated properties outside North America decreased 30 basis points and North American comparable company-operated house profit margins increased 30 basis points in the first quarter.

Balance Sheet
At quarter-end, Marriott’s total debt was $10,256 million and cash balances totaled $258 million, compared to $9,347 million in debt and $316 million of cash at year-end 2018.

In March 2019, the company issued $300 million of floating rate Series BB Senior Notes due in 2021, and $550 million of Series CC Senior Notes due in 2024 with a 3.60 percent interest rate coupon. The company expects to use the net proceeds for general corporate purposes.

Marriott Common Stock
Weighted average fully diluted shares outstanding used to calculate both reported and adjusted diluted EPS totaled 342.8 million in the 2019 first quarter, compared to 363.3 million shares in the year-ago quarter.

The company repurchased 6.7 million shares of common stock in the 2019 first quarter for $828 million at an average price of $124.16 per share.  Year-to-date through May 8, the company has repurchased 8.1 million shares for $1.02 billion at an average price of $125.91 per share.

Accounting Update
In the first quarter of 2019, the company adopted Accounting Standards Update 2016-02 (the new lease standard), which brings substantially all leases onto the balance sheet, including operating leases.  Adoption of the new standard did not impact the Income Statements or Statements of Cash Flows.  A discussion of the impact of the lease changes can be found in the company’s first quarter 2019 Form 10-Q, filed on May 10, 2019.

2019 Outlook
The following outlook for second quarter and full year 2019 does not include merger-related costs and charges, cost reimbursement revenue or reimbursed expenses, which the company cannot accurately forecast and which may be significant.

For the 2019 second quarter, Marriott expects comparable systemwide RevPAR on a constant dollar basis will increase 1 to 2 percent in North America, 2 to 4 percent outside North America, and 1 to 3 percent worldwide.

The company anticipates second quarter 2019 gross fee revenues will total $990 million to $1,010 million, a 4 to 6 percent increase over second quarter 2018 gross fee revenues of $951 million, including an estimated $5 million of unfavorable foreign exchange.  The company anticipates second quarter 2019 incentive management fees will decrease slightly compared to second quarter 2018 incentive management fees of $176 million due to hotels under renovation.

The company expects second quarter 2019 diluted EPS could total $1.52 to $1.58, a 9 to 12 percent decline compared to second quarter 2018 adjusted diluted EPS of $1.73.  Second quarter 2018 adjusted results include $119 million pre-tax ($0.26 per share) of asset sale gains in gains and other income, net and equity in earnings.  Second quarter 2019 guidance does not assume any asset sale gains.

Marriott anticipates second quarter 2019 adjusted EBITDA could total $940 million to $965 million, flat to up 3 percent over second quarter 2018 adjusted EBITDA of $939 million.  This estimate does not reflect any asset sales that may occur in the second quarter of 2019.  See page A-9 for the adjusted EBITDA calculation.

For the full year 2019, Marriott expects comparable systemwide RevPAR on a constant dollar basis will increase 1 to 3 percent in North America, 2 to 4 percent outside North America, and 1 to 3 percent worldwide.

Marriott anticipates net room additions of roughly 5.5 percent for full year 2019, with expected room deletions of 1 to 1.5 percent.

The company expects full year 2019 gross fee revenues will total $3,845 million to $3,925 million, a 6 to 8 percent increase over 2018 gross fee revenues of $3,638 million, including approximately $10 million of unfavorable foreign exchange.  Full year 2019 estimated gross fee revenues include $410 million to $420 million of credit card branding fees, compared to $380 million for full year 2018.  Compared to the estimate the company provided on February 28, this estimate of gross fee revenues largely reflects higher incentive management fees.  The company anticipates full year 2019 incentive management fees will increase at a mid single-digit rate over 2018 full year incentive management fees of $649 million.

Marriott anticipates full year 2019 owned, leased, and other revenue, net of direct expenses, could total $285 million to $295 million.  This estimate reflects stronger results at owned and leased hotels, offset by $40 million to $45 million of lower year-over-year termination fees.  This outlook for full year 2019 does not reflect any additional asset sales that may occur during the year.

The company expects full year 2019 general, administrative, and other expenses could total $920 million to $930 million, flat to down 1 percent from full year 2018 expenses of $927 million.  Full year 2018 general, administrative, and other expenses included a $51 million expense for the company’s supplemental investments in its workforce, which is not expected to repeat in 2019.

The company anticipates full year 2019 diluted EPS could total $5.97 to $6.19, flat to down 4 percent from 2018 adjusted diluted EPS of $6.21.  Full year adjusted 2018 results include $183 million pre-tax ($0.44 per share) of asset sale gains in gains and other income, net and $65 million pre-tax ($0.21 per share) of asset sale gains in equity in earnings.  Full year 2019 guidance does not assume any additional asset sale gains in either gains and other income, net, or equity in earnings.

Marriott expects full year 2019 adjusted EBITDA could total $3,615 million to $3,715 million, a 4 to 7 percent increase over 2018 adjusted EBITDA of $3,473 million.  See page A-10 for the adjusted EBITDA calculation.

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